Bleeding gums, also known as gingivitis, is a common dental problem that occurs when the gums become inflamed and starts to bleed. It is usually caused by poor oral hygiene and can lead to more severe dental problems if left untreated.
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Causes of Bleeding Gums
1.Poor Oral Hygiene
Poor oral hygiene is the most common cause of gingivitis. When plaque and bacteria build up on the teeth and gums, they cause inflammation and irritation, leading to bleeding gums.
A lack of vitamins C and K can cause bleeding gums/gingivitis. These vitamins are essential for the healthy gum tissue, and a deficiency can weaken the gums and cause them to bleed.
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Sources of vitamin C:
- Citrus fruits: oranges, lemons, limes, grapefruits, and tangerines.
- Berries: strawberries, raspberries, blueberries, and cranberries.
- Kiwi fruit.
- Tomatoes and tomato juice.
- Bell peppers: green, red, and yellow.
- Sweet potatoes.
- Sources of vitamin K:
- Leafy green vegetables: spinach, kale, collard greens, turnip greens, and Swiss chard.
- Cruciferous vegetables: broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and cabbage.
- Herbs: parsley, cilantro, and basil.
- Spring onions.
- Green peas.
- Beans: green beans, lima beans, and soybeans.
- Olive oil.
- Meat: beef liver and chicken breast.
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Certain medications, such as blood thinners and anti-inflammatory drugs, can cause bleeding gums as a side effect.
4. Gum Disease
Gum disease, also known as periodontitis, is a bacterial infection that can cause bleeding gums, bad breath, and tooth loss if left untreated.
Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during pregnancy, can cause gingivitis due to increased blood flow to the gums.
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How to stop Bleeding Gums
1.Brush and Floss Regularly
Brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day can help remove plaque and bacteria from your eeth and gums, preventing inflammation and bleeding.
2.Use a Soft Toothbrush
Using a soft-bristled toothbrush can help prevent gum damage and bleeding. Hard bristles can damage the gums and cause bleeding.
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3.Rinse with Saltwater
Rinsing your mouth with warm salt water can help reduce inflammation and kill bacteria, preventing bleeding.
4.Avoid Tobacco Products
Tobacco products can irritate the gums and cause bleeding. Quitting smoking or chewing tobacco can help prevent bleeding.
5.Eat a Balanced Diet
Eating a balanced diet rich in vitamins and minerals can help promote healthy gums and prevent bleeding. Foods high in vitamins C and K, such as citrus fruits and leafy greens, can be particularly beneficial.
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6.Visit the Dentist Regularly
Regular dental check-ups and cleanings can help prevent gingivitis and catch gum disease early on. Your dentist can also provide professional cleaning and treatment to help cure it.
Using an antibacterial mouthwash can help kill bacteria in the mouth, preventing inflammation and bleeding
Gingivitis can be a sign of poor oral hygiene or a more severe dental problem. It is essential to practice good oral hygiene habits, eat a balanced diet, and visit the dentist regularly to prevent it. If you experience persistent bleeding gums, it is essential to see your dentist to determine the underlying cause and receive appropriate treatment.
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