Modern pyrethrum farming techniques are developed to improve agriculture. These techniques aim to increase yield, quality, and profitability while promoting sustainability and resilience in the industry.
7 Modern pyrethrum farming techniques
1.Hybrid Seed Varieties
Hybrid seed varieties have been developed to improve the yield, quality, and resistance to pests and diseases of pyrethrum crops. These varieties are created by crossing two or more different types of pyrethrum plants, resulting in a new variety that has improved characteristics. The hybrid varieties are typically more expensive than traditional seeds but can result in higher profits for farmers.
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2.Soil Testing and Fertilization
Soil testing can help farmers determine the nutrient levels in their soils and apply appropriate fertilizers to improve soil fertility and crop growth. This technique involves taking soil samples and analyzing them for their nutrient content. Based on the results, farmers can apply fertilizers that contain the necessary nutrients to improve soil fertility and increase crop yields.
This is a technique used to ensure sufficient moisture for pyrethrum crops, especially during dry spells. Drip irrigation systems can be used to reduce water waste and increase efficiency. This technique involves applying water directly to the roots of the plants using a system of pipes and valves.
By using drip irrigation, farmers can save water and ensure that their crops receive the necessary moisture for optimal growth.
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4.Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is a sustainable approach to pest management that involves using a combination of methods, including biological control, chemical control, and cultural practices.
This technique aims to manage pests and diseases sustainably, reducing the use of harmful chemicals and promoting the natural balance of the ecosystem.
Crop rotation is a technique that involves planting different crops in a specific sequence to improve soil health and break the pest and disease cycle. By rotating crops, farmers can reduce the risk of pests and diseases and improve soil fertility. As a matter of fact, farmers can rotate pyrethrum crops with other crops such as maize or beans to achieve this goal.
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Mechanization involves the use of mechanized tools, such as tractors and cultivators, to save time and labor during planting, weeding, and harvesting. This technique can help farmers increase efficiency and reduce costs, resulting in higher profits.
This involves processing pyrethrum flowers into various products, such as insecticides, which can increase the value of the crop for farmers and create more employment opportunities. This technique can help farmers generate additional income and contribute to the growth of the pyrethrum industry in Kenya.